They were responsible for overseeing the various Departments active within the district. Chisholm. Anthropologists, who have worked intensively in this district for the past 140 years, recognise 15 tribes living here. According to the 2011 census, the Nilgiris district had a population of 735,394 with a sex-ratio of 1,042 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929 females. Indian and foreign scholars wrote these works, and only recently have local people published work about it. The main cultivation is plantation crops such as tea and coffee, but with some cardamom, pepper and rubber too. There are two high schools, K.C.  John Sullivan, then the collector of Coimbatore, just south of the Nilgiris, sent two surveyors (W. Keys and C. McMahon) to make a comprehensive study of the hills. Nilgiri (English: Blue Mountains) is the name given to a range of mountains spread across the borders among the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.All types of single use plastics are banned in Nilgiris District. It is located in the Western Ghats between 76°- 77°15‘E and 11°15‘ - 12°15‘N. Nilagiri has an average literacy rate of 77.46%, higher than the national average of 72.87%: male literacy is 83.21%, and female literacy is 71.47%. The South Western Ghats montane rain forests ecoregion covers the portion of the range above 1000 metres' elevation.  The annual flower show, organised by the Government of Tamil Nadu at the Botanical Garden in Ooty, is an annual event, known for its display of roses. Maplandia.com in partnership with Booking.com offers highly competitive rates for all types of hotels in Nilgiris, from affordable family hotels to the most luxurious ones. Nilgiri (English: Blue Mountains) is the name given to a range of mountains spread across the borders among the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. After 1847 German and Swiss missionaries opened schools for boys and girls in some Badaga villages, teaching them literacy. These include Ooty (Udhgamandalam) (district headquarters), Coonoor, Gudalur and Kotagiri.  The village roads are maintained by the Panchayat Union. Soil maps of nilgiri district is drawn based on the data from studies o n soils of I ndia (S.V. It is is Located 500 KM East towards State capital Chennai. Since the turn of the 21st century, the Badaga have numbered about 135,000 (18% of the district population), the Toda are barely 1,500 and the Kota just over 2,000. There are 10 Hydel Power Houses (hydroelectric) in this district.. whose related cultures are based on pastoral management of the buffalo, with its dairy products being the basis of their diets. There are no irrigation schemes here. The Nilgiris District population is 735071. The area also produces eucalyptus oil and temperate-zone vegetables. Branches of the natural spring flow through the hill range which add more attraction to this place. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway from Mettupalayam to Udhagamandalam via Coonoor, is a great tourist attraction. Best The Nilgiris District Resorts on Tripadvisor: Find traveler reviews, candid photos, and prices for 97 resorts in The Nilgiris District, India. In this district the topography is rolling, with steep escarpments; about 60% of the cultivable land is slopes ranging from 16° to 35°. Her father, Montague D. Cockburn, had opened the first coffee plantation there soon after 1830.. He is from village Sangrampur. This area was long occupied by the indigenous tribal peoples of the Toda, Kota, Kurumba, Irula and Badagas. This underdevelopment has ensured the Badagas need to go outside the district to survive. The total area of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is 5,520 sq. They married Tamil Paraiyan women and had children with them. The railway is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site. Nilagiri is located at 21°28′N 86°46′E / 21.46°N 86.77°E / 21.46; 86.77. Panchalingeswara is surrounded by thick greenery and hillocks.  Tea and coffee plantations have been important to its economy. , "Santaragadia" mostly known as a place-based education, sometimes called pedagogy of place, place-based learning, experiential education, community-based education, education for sustainability, environmental education or more rarely, service learning, is an educational philosophy developed initially by The Oriya Society. There is no seaport or airport in the district; the nearest airport is Coimbatore. Outside these parks much of the native forest has been cleared for grazing cattle, or has been encroached upon or replaced by plantations of tea, eucalyptus, cinchona and acacia. One Chinese gardener was critical to the district's future, for he worked with Margaret B. L. Cockburn in Aruvenu, near Kotagiri, to develop Allport's, the first Nilgiri tea plantation, which started operations in 1863. The Nilgiri Hills are part of a larger mountain chain known as the Western Ghats. It has smaller populations speaking Kannada, Telugu and Urdu, forming 7%, 3% and 2% of the population respectively. Check price and Get upto 70% OFF with Nilgiri District Library Hotel Booking . Nilagiri is a very small town and a Notified Area Council in Balasore district in the Indian state of Odisha.  The district is also home to the Kurumba, Irula, Paniyan and Kattunayakan or Nayaka. Download Picture There is an army contingent at Bandarban Cantonment . A great deal of linguistic and other cultural evidence—based on unauthentic interpretation of ballads and stories collected from unverifiable individuals—indicates erroneously with a malicious intent that the Badaga non scheduled tribes have lived in nilgiris thousands and thousands of years ago. Tea grows at elevations of 1,000 to over 2,500 metres.. Modern India - Harvard Geospatial Library maintains licenses to India Adminstrative Boundaries datasets for several years (including 1951, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011). Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra are worshiped here. The other main towns in the Nilgiris are Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudalur and Wellington. However, those uprisings gained momentum with able leaderships and led to the first peasant movement of India. The first was James W. Breeks, who was called Commissioner. Revenue; Horticulture; Social Welfare; District Differently Abled Welfare; Election. Booking.com, being established in 1996, is longtime Europe’s leader in online hotel reservations. There are three revenue divisions here,Uhagamandalam Coonoor and Gudalur. Its latitudinal and longitudinal location is 130 km (Latitude: 11°12 N to 11°37 N) by 185 km (Longitude : 76°30 E to 76°55 E). Certain vested interest have invested in researchers to bring about half-truths about the Badagas. Nilagiri receives rain from the Monsoon; while summer is humid, winter is very dry. Beginning in 1819, the British colonial administration developed the hills rapidly and peaceably, for use as coffee and tea plantations, and summer residences.  The district is basically hilly, lying at an elevation of 1,000 to 2,600 metres above MSL, and divided between the Nilgiri plateau and the lower, smaller Wayanad plateau.  The district regularly receives rain during both the Southwest Monsoon and the Northeast Monsoon. The migration theory is now totally rejected by educated Badagas, as admittedly the land holdings of the district majorly indicates the Badagas as owners in almost all Taluks of the district. The entire Gudalur and Pandalur, Kundah Taluks and parts of Udhagamandalam Taluk get rain from the Southwest Monsoon, while part of Udhagamandalam Taluk and the entire Coonoor and Kotagiri Taluks get rains of the Northeast Monsoon. In Odisha, people of Nilagiri celebrate this as "The Victorious Uprising of Nilagiri". The Nilgiri Biosphere … The Nilgiris and the Southwestern Ghats are also one of the most important tiger habitats left in India. The best-known of these are the Toda and Kota, At the dawn of the 20th century, peasants began to rise against the despotic king but such uprisings were crushed with brutal methods. Though their language is very close to Kannada, it is a mixture of almost all Dravidian languages and yet unique. They with the support of political parties inimical to the natives of Nilgiris have been superseded by the Encyclopaedia of the Nilgiri Hills (2012) authored by China-based researcher Paul Hockings, who calls the Nilgiris his first home and holds a bias against the Badagas. Fig. CLOSEST Hotels to Nilgiri District Library - Get the Best deals on Hotels Near Nilgiri District Library. The principal town of the area is Ootacamund, also known as Ooty or Udhagamandalam, the district headquarters.  Its modern history is known for the growing consciousness of democracy and self-rule. Explore more on Nilgiris.  The British in India mostly ignored the Ghats for two centuries. The Nilgiri Mountain Train, locally known as the Toy Train, attracts tourists as the journey has extensive views of the hills and forests. Tamil News - Maalaimalar is a top Tamil News website that provides complete live coverage of Latest Nilgiris News in Tamil and updated Tamilnadu News. We have reviews of the best places to see in The Nilgiris District. Tourism is an important source of revenue for the Nilgiris.  Europeans soon started settling here or using the plateau as a summer resort and homes for retirees. These forests extend south along the Western Ghats range to the southern tip of India, and are dominated by a diverse assemblage of trees, many of them deciduous during the winter and spring dry season. Supposedly unnamed Badaga elders have regularly recounted these baseless facts as oral history and cannot be relied upon. Panchalingeshwar is located approximately 10 km from Nilagiri and 30 km from Baleswar. The district consists of 56 revenue villages and 15 revenue firkas. Many tourists, nature lovers, and spiritual people flock here to enjoy the scenic beauty of the place and to the touch the Shiva Linga located in a pit under the waterfall. Their highest point is the mountain of Doddabetta, height 2,637 m. The district is contained mainly within the Nilgiri Mountains range. Nilgiri Hills, mountainous region of Tamil Nadu state, southeastern India.The peaks of the Nilgiri rise abruptly from the surrounding plains to an elevation of about 6,000 to 8,000 feet (1,800 to 2,400 metres); one of them, Doda Betta (8,652 feet [2,637 metres]), is the highest point in Tamil Nadu. He interviewed people who identified as Toda and Badega, the latter occupying three villages at that time. The Nagapattinam–Gudalur National Highway passes through this district.  A road junction became known as Charing Cross (after famous intersections in London and Lahore).  The district is home to several hill stations which are visited by tourists during summer. Ootacamund is of Toda origin, and Udagamandalam is a very recent Tamil-language version of this place. Other smaller languages include Irula, Paniya, Toda and Kota. The Toda had small hamlets ("mund") across most of the plateau. As of 2011, the Nilgiris district had a population of 735,394, with a sex-ratio of 1,042 females for every 1,000 males.It is the first plastic free district in Tamil Nadu State. The Nilgiris district is one of the 38 districts in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Three national parks protect portions of the Nilgiris. click for Fullsize. The lower Wayanad plateau in the west of the district had a different tribal population namely Kattunaika and Paniya. According to a 1996 bibliography of publications of this district, it is probably the most heavily studied rural area anywhere in India, with close to 7,000 items in that list. View Location View Map. Local place names are derived mainly from the dominant Badaga language, e.g., Doddabetta, Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudaluru, Kunda, etc. Arthur Wellesley, later the Duke of Wellington, conducted a short military operation in the Wynaad in 1800. The Nilgiris District is one among 32 Districts of Tamil Nadu State,India. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Potato and other vegetables are raised throughout Udhagamandalam and Coonoor Taluks. All types of single use plastics are banned in Nilgiris district. The district is bounded by Coimbatore and Palakkad to the south, Erode to the east, Chamarajnagar district of Karnataka and Wayanad district of Kerala to the north, and Malappuram district of Kerala to the west. It has 8th to 9th-century temple ruins, Buddhist and Jainism relics, articles which are shown in the museum established by Government of Odisha at Ajodhya and Maa Marichee Temple. History. They reached the site of Ootacamund, but failed to see the complete plateau. Coonoor Block comprises the taluk of Coonoor. Silent Valley National Park is just to the south and contiguous with these two parks, and covers an area of 89.52 km2. The average literacy of the district was 77.46%, as compared to the national average of 72.99%. , Odisha freedom fighters like Balaram Raj, Shyamsundar Parida, Kailashchandra Mohanty, Banamali Das, Baishnab Patnaik, Brundaban Chandra Sadangi, Satish Chanrdra Das and Nanda Kishore Patnaik violently fought against the local prince and forced him to surrender to newly formed Indian National Government. Media in category "Nilgiris district" The following 72 files are in this category, out of 72 total. Unlike elsewhere in the country, no historical evidence is found of a state on the Nilgiris or that it was part of any ancient kingdom or empire. Nilgiri district is a mountainous district of Tamil Nadu with many hill ranges and broad valleys with slopping towards plain. The Nilgiri Hills kind of is the meeting point of the Western and Eastern ghats, when viewed in a map(you can see a small curve of mountains), but is completely detached from the Eastern Ghats. km. Mudumalai National Park lies in the northern part of the range where Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu meet, and covers an area of 321 km2. Book from 367 Hotels Near Nilgiri District Library. Its history can be traced back to paleolithic age. The district has an area of 2,552.50 km2. Kundah Power House VI – Kattukuppai (Emerald), This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 16:53. Check dams have been constructed wherever possible to exploit natural springs. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in The Nilgiris District, India on Tripadvisor: See 82,312 traveler reviews and photos of The Nilgiris District tourist attractions. Every year Ratha Yatra is observed with all the cults of the gods. By the end of the 19th century, the hills were completely accessible, as several Ghat roads and the railway line had been constructed. It seems always to have been a tribal land. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. Nilgiris district ranked first in a comprehensive Economic Environment index ranking districts in Tamil Nadu (not including Chennai) prepared by the Institute for Financial Management and Research in August 2009. In 1870 the practice began of key government personnel moving to the hills to conduct business during summer months in this more temperate climate. The 40 mud-forts in the area had been abandoned. Several crucial Ghat roads were cut in the 19th century. Paddy (rice), ginger, pepper and rubber are grown in Gudalur and Pandalur Taluks. Road network map will help you in traveling Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu. Some tourists are attracted to study the lifestyles of the various tribes living here or to visit the tea and vegetable plantations.  A total of 66,799 people were under the age of six, 33,648 males and 33,151 females. During winter the temperature maximum is 20 °C (68 °F) and the minimum 0 °C (32 °F). Ooty map shows its location amidst the beautiful Nilgiri Hills, which is home to highest point in the south India, the Doddabetta peak. Udhagamandalam Block comprises the taluks of Udhagamandalam and Kundah. In January 2010, the Nilgiri Declaration set out a wide range environmental and sustainable development goals to be reached by 2015. Mukurthi National Park lies in the southwest of the range, in Kerala, and covers an area of 78.5 km2, which includes intact shola-grassland mosaic, a habitat for the Nilgiri tahr. Two ecoregions cover portions of the Nilgiris. Sadly, these half-truths are being relied on by the regime to deny the Badagas their rightful livelihood. Nilgiris is known for its eucalyptus oil and tea, and also produces bauxite. Malayalam is the second largest language, with 20% speaking it. The region has also given its name to a number of bird species, including the Nilgiri pipit, Nilgiri woodpigeon and Nilgiri blackbird. Nilgiris is a part of the Western Ghats. It has been the subject of more than 120 doctoral and master's theses in the natural and human sciences. It has several buildings designed in the British style, particularly the churches, many of which were designed by architect Robert F. These are available to Harvard affiliates for research purposes. And get the complete information about Nilgiris District. For local concerns, the Nilgiris also has 35 village panchayats and 11 town panchayats.. Ajodhya is located 15 km from Nilgiri. Nilgiris District The Nilgiris district is one of the 38 districts in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.Nilgiri is the name given to a range of mountains spread across the borders among the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. Found only here, Uhagamandalam Coonoor and Gudalur are ignorant about 2 ] which one. Designated as a UNESCO World heritage site had been abandoned the montane grasslands the... 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